Grid Operations, Infrastructure, and Valuation

Renewable energy technologies present distinct challenges for power system operations and planning, complicating assessments of grid-system value. Wind and solar, for example, are location-dependent, have variable output profiles, and have low marginal-costs—all of which influence grid operations, planning and wholesale market prices. The EMP Group:

  • Works to increase understanding of strategies to reliably integrate renewable energy into the power system , while also advancing methods for grid-system valuation
  • Evaluates the impact of renewable energy on transmission infrastructure needs and costs, as well as on the bulk power system more generally
  • Assesses the need for and value of investing in sources of flexibility—including demand response, flexible conventional generation, and storage—as renewable energy increases
  • Analyzes the variability and uncertainty of wind and solar generation and related impact on power system operations and resource valuation
  • Provides technical assistance on studies of grid operations and valuation with high levels of variable renewable energy





Rand, Joseph, and Ben Hoen. "Thirty years of North American wind energy acceptance research: What have we learned?." Energy Research & Social Science 29.July 2017 (2017) 135-148.


Kahrl, Fredrich, Andrew D Mills, Luke Lavin, Nancy Ryan, and Arne Olsen. The Future of Electricity Resource Planning. Ed. Schwartz, Lisa C. Vol. FEUR Report No. 6. 2016. LBNL-1006269.


Mills, Andrew D, and Joachim Seel. Flexibility Inventory for Western Resource Planners. 2015. LBNL-1003750.




Cost, Benefit and Market Analysis, Grid Operations, Infrastructure, and Valuation