Grid Operations, Infrastructure, and Valuation

Renewable energy technologies present distinct challenges for power system operations and planning, complicating assessments of grid-system value. Wind and solar, for example, are location-dependent, have variable output profiles, and have low marginal-costs—all of which influence grid operations, planning and wholesale market prices. The EMP Group:

  • Works to increase understanding of strategies to reliably integrate renewable energy into the power system , while also advancing methods for grid-system valuation
  • Evaluates the impact of renewable energy on transmission infrastructure needs and costs, as well as on the bulk power system more generally
  • Assesses the need for and value of investing in sources of flexibility—including demand response, flexible conventional generation, and storage—as renewable energy increases
  • Analyzes the variability and uncertainty of wind and solar generation and related impact on power system operations and resource valuation
  • Provides technical assistance on studies of grid operations and valuation with high levels of variable renewable energy


Mills, Andrew D, and Ryan H Wiser. "Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California." 18th Annual POWER Conference on Energy Research and Policy. Berkeley, California, 2013.



Mills, Andrew D, and Ryan H Wiser. "Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power." 2011 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting. Detroit, MI, USA: IEEE, 2011. 1 - 9.





Bolinger, Mark, and Ryan H Wiser. Balancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy in Western Utility Resource Plans. Berkeley: LBNL, 2005. LBNL-58450.


Goldman, Charles A, and Michael Kintner-Meyer. "New York ISO 2002 Demand Response Programs: Evaluation Results." DOE Office of Electric Transmission and DistributionTransmission 2004.




Cost, Benefit and Market Analysis, Grid Operations, Infrastructure, and Valuation