Resource Planning & Procurement Trends

EMP has been a leader in critically evaluating and informing the development of utility resource planning practices since the emergence of least-cost or integrated resource planning in the 1980s. Much of the current work involves evaluating resource plans developed by utilities and regional transmission planning entities, to characterize trends and identify emerging best practices. This work helps regulators and planning practitioners benchmark and refine their analyses, and it informs Berkeley Lab’s direct technical assistance to state, regional, and national entities engaged in electric system planning.

Current topics include:

  • Load forecasting methods and scenario analysis in utility resource plans
  • Evaluating and accounting for energy efficiency, demand response, and distributed generation within utility resource plans
  • Assumptions and methods for evaluating solar, wind, and other renewables within utility resource plans
  • Methods and techniques for analyzing risk and uncertainty in resource planning studies
  • Assessing the impact of resource planning processes on procurement decisions
  • Strategic benefits of transmission investments, including those that may not typically be captured within planning studies
  • Transmission planning studies developed by FERC Order 1000 regional entities


Bolinger, Mark, and Ryan H Wiser. Balancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy in Western Utility Resource Plans. Berkeley: LBNL, 2005. LBNL-58450.




Pagliano, Lorenzo, Joseph H Eto, and Roberto Caponio. "The Restructuring of the Italian Electricity Sector: Proposals for the Inclusion of Objectives for Increased Energy Efficiency and Renewables Exploitation." European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ECEEE) 1997 Summer Study. Spindleruv Mlyn, Czech Republic, 1997.


Pagliano, Lorenzo, Angelica Tudini, Joseph H Eto, and Roberto Caponio. "Current Trends for Italian National and Local Power Companies: Prospects for Integrated Resource Planning." 1995 International Energy Program Evaluation Conference. Chicago, Il, 1995.



Eto, Joseph H, and Mithra M Moezzi. "A Technique for Transferring Central Air Conditioning End-Use Load Shape Data." CEED Electric End-Use Data Symposium. St Louis, MO., 1993. 21.
Nadel, Steven M, Jennifer Jordon, Joseph H Eto, and Maxwell Kelley. "Gas DSM - Opportunities and Experiences." Sixth National Demand-side Management Conference - Making a Difference. Miami Beach, Florida: Electric Power Research Institute, DOE, Edison Electric Institute , 1993.



Eto, Joseph H, and Florentin Krause. Least-Cost Planning Handbook: Planowawanie Wedlug Najmniejszych Koztow. Warsaw, Poland: Fundacja Na Rzecz Efektywengo Wykorzytania Energii, 1991.
Eto, Joseph H, Hashem Akbari, Robert G Pratt, and Steven D Braithwait. "End-Use Load Shape Data Application, Estimation, and Collection." State of the Art of Energy Efficiency: Future Directions . Ed. Vine, Edward L and Drury B Crawley. Washington, D.C.: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 1991. 16.
Hirst, Eric, and Charles A Goldman. "Creating the Future: Integrated Resource Planning for Electric Utilities." Annual Review of Energy 16 (1991) 31.



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