Electricity costs for a household can be explained in several ways, reflecting different aspects of costs to the consumer:
• Electricity rates are the prices that utilities charge for each unit of electricity used.
• Electricity bills are the total charges that households pay each month for electricity. They are determined by the amount of electricity used, the rates (prices) for that electricity, and other fees.
• Electricity burden is a measure of affordability that is the percent of household income spent on electricity bills.
This fact sheet describes these measures of electricity costs, with maps that illustrate how costs vary among U.S. states.